Syncing DNS zones with different names
bind-users at wtf.net.au
Wed Nov 16 07:57:13 UTC 2011
Thanks for the advice guys.
The DNAME record is something I'd never heard of, and is quite interesting.
Unfortunately it does not quite fulfill my needs due to, as Chris pointed
out, the inability to alias the records on the name itself.
I think Barry's suggestion of a common zone file on the master server with
relative names will be the best solution, as long as I can ensure all the
zones will be mastered on the same server!
From: Chris Thompson
Sent: Tuesday, November 15, 2011 11:38 PM
To: Bind Users Mailing List
Subject: Re: Syncing DNS zones with different names
On Nov 15 2011, Barry Margolin wrote:
>In article <mailman.98.1321341621.68562.bind-users at lists.isc.org>,
> "Chris Balmain" <bind-users at wtf.net.au> wrote:
>> Let's say I have two domain names, d1.com and d2.com, and I want to
>> synchronise all records underneath them (one-way sync, that is). So if I
>> create an A record www.d1.com pointing at 18.104.22.168, www.d2.com is also
>> automatically created, with the same value. So it's almost like a
>> master/slave relationship, but the slave zone has a different name to the
>> Let's assume the two zones will be hosted on the same set of nameservers,
>> so even the SOA and NS records will be identical between them.
>> I've been googling, but haven't found anything. Does anyone know if this
>> is natively possible with Bind 9, or will I have to hack a script
>> together to do a transfer from the d1.com zone and parse the data to
>> build an equivalent zone file for d2.com?
>See the DNAME record. It's like a CNAME, but applies to the whole domain.
>But you need to put the DNAME in the zone where the domain is delegated; so
>in your case, you'd have to get the DNAME into the .COM zone.
No, you don't need to put the DNAME in the parent zone. A zone with
a DNAME at the apex works perfectly well, e.g. for d2.com
@ SOA my-master-server.example. me.my-mail.example ....
@ NS ... some nameservers ...
@ DNAME d1.com.
But note that neither this nor the alternative of putting the DNAME in
the parent zone will alias records with the name "d1.com" itself, only
names under that. If, for example, "d1.com" itself had MX or address
records, you would still need to reproduce them in the d2.com zone file.
For a real-life example, see the way that that the TLD "xn--kprw13d"
is made an alias of "xn--kpry57d", and note that the DNAME is in the
"xn--kprw13d" xone, not in the root zone.
>Another way to do it is to use the same zone file for both zones on the
>master server. Make sure that you use unqualified names everywhere in
>the zone file that you're not referencing outside the zone.
I think you mean "relative" (to the zone) or "non-absolute" rather than
"unqualified" there. Also, don't do this if you are using dynamic updates
on either zone, or the shared zone file will end up in a horrible mess.
Email: cet1 at cam.ac.uk
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