How does DHCPD determine what IP address to assign and...

Ryan McCain Ryan.McCain at
Fri Dec 21 20:46:51 UTC 2007

I found a few posts in the archives but am a bit confused.  I don't know what the 0 and 9 are for and used the example I found as a template.  I am on the right track if I want all DHCP clients that connect w/ the UID containing ASYNC be assigned IP addresses between only??

class "DialUp" {
    match if substring(option vendor-class-identifier, 0, 9) = "ASYNC";
        log (info, " Matched Dialup Rule");


>>> On Fri, Dec 21, 2007 at 12:40 PM, in message
<a06240822c391b86b364d at>, Simon Hobson
<dhcp1 at> wrote: 
> Ryan McCain wrote:
>>1) If I have a defined scope of -, whill 
>>DHCPD hand out .1 to the first DHCPD client, .2 to the second and so 
>>on?  Or is there another algorithm thats used?
> No, officially the initial order is undefined - in practice, the 
> current implementation will allocate unused leases from the highest 
> address down for no other reason than the way they are hashed 
> internally.
> Once there are no "never used before" addresses left, addresses are 
> recovered from expired leases on a least recently used basis.
>>2) Is it possible to assign a subset of IP addresses in my scope to 
>>DHCP clients whos UID identifier contains a specific string?  For 
>>example, all dialup users have ASYNC in their UID.  We'd like to be 
>>able to assign them IP addresses - .180.
> Yes, see the list archives, and 'man dhcpd.conf' looking for classes 
> and subclasses.
> Very briefly, you define a class which matches on some criteria (such 
> as the UID starting with ASYNC), then define a pool and only allow 
> members of the class to use that pool.

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